|Applications of Remote Sensing
RS is an important method of Earth observation. Satellite sensors can constantly oberve the Earth
|| GIScience includes questions of spatial data structures, analysis, accuracy, meaning, cognition, visualization, and many more, and thus overlaps with the domains of several traditional disciplines that are concerned with Earth’s physical processes or how humans interaction with the Earth (e.g., geography, geology and geophysics, oceanography, ecology, environmental science, applied mathematics, spatial statistics, physics), as well as disciplines that are concerned with how humans interact with machines (e.g., computer science, information science, cognitive science, cognitive psychology, artificial intelligence).
|Geography of War and Geopolitics
|| By delving into the history of war and geopolitics and bringing us up to date with cutting-edge case studies looking at infrastructure, terrain, and maps, this research topic dispels simplistic and misleading notions about the nature of how humans interact with the environment. Research focuses on critical geopolitics, religious geopolitics, popular geopolitics, feminist geopolitics, and, newest of all, critical quantitative geopolitics. More importantly, it uncovers new areas of research for the next generation of researchers, showing how critical and quantitative methods can be applied to look at how geography and war relate to diverse areas such as disease, sport, dispossession, oppression, injustice and immigration.
|Blue Carbon Environment
|| Blue carbon is simply the term for carbon captured by the world's ocean and coastal ecosystems. ‘Blue carbon’ environments like mangrove forests, tidal marshes, and seagrass meadows are highly efficient at capturing carbon. Mangrove forests, for example, take in carbon up to four times faster than the same area of land forest. Mangroves, seagrasses, and salt marshes absorb carbon so fast partly because so much blue carbon goes into sediment. An estimated 50–99% of the carbon these environments contain is in the soils beneath them.
Coastal and marine ecosystems are vital for countering climate change. Coastal ecosystems are also valuable breeding areas for fish, safeguarding our food chain. They harbor many endangered species. And they help prevent erosion, reducing waves and building up soil as sea levels rise.
|| Developing countries are the most vulnerable to climate change impacts because they have fewer resources to adapt: socially, technologically and financially. Climate change is anticipated to have far reaching effects on the sustainable development of developing countries including their ability to attain the United Nations Millennium Development Goals by 2015 (UN 2007). Many developing countries’ governments have given adaptation action a high, even urgent, priority.
|Environmental Change and Management
|| This research cluster has three overarching aims, to: 1) examine the nature, causes and impacts of major types of environmental change. How do these changes operate and interact on global, regional and local scales? How do they relate to critical social and ecological systems? 2) examine the economic, legal, cultural, and ethical underpinnings of environmental responsibility and systemic solutions, including mitigation, adaptation, remediation, enhanced resource stewardship and other sustainable responses to environmental change at different scales and within different organisational contexts. 3) empower environmental leaders to address the world’s most pressing environmental problems through an understanding of and training in the key analytical and practical skills, and in a broad appreciation of earth systems and societies in relation to environmental change.